Karl J. Maier, Ph.D.
Office: 304 Holloway Hall
Email: kjmaier at salisbury.edu
Education & Training
- Ph.D., University of Maryland, Baltimore County, Clinical Psychology & Behavioral Medicine
(Predoctoral Internship: VA
Connecticut Healthcare System/Yale University School of Medicine, West Haven, CT)
M.A., University of Maryland, Baltimore County, Clinical Psychology & Behavioral Medicine
B.A., Syracuse University, Psychology
Areas of Interest
My research program through the Behavioral Medicine Laboratory spans both basic and applied areas of investigation within the fields of health psychology (a sub-discipline of psychology) and
the broader, interdisciplinary field of behavioral medicine (that includes diverse fields such as medicine, nursing, psychology, and public health, just to name a few). The core of my research is centered on stress, its cognitive and
and associated personality factors. I study how these constructs are
inter-related, and how they relate to physiology and various psychological and
physical health outcomes (e.g., depression, quality of life, obesity, blood pressure, etc.). I have recently
expanded my study of perceived stress to encompass phenomena experienced
broadly in the population, including pandemic disease (e.g., H1N1 2009) and climate change.
In addition to better understanding stress related to these problems, I am interested
in the emotional and health effects of such phenomena, and
related attitudes and behaviors.
Undergraduate students are an important
part of this research program. Students may engage in the research process
by helping with ongoing lab projects, or they may undertake
independent projects with me. My students regularly present their work at the
Salisbury University Student Research
Conference (SUSRC) and at conferences outside of the University. Interested students may apply by completing
Medicine Laboratory Student Researcher Application.doc)
and submitting it to me via email or in hardcopy. Students should have completed
at least one statistics and/or research methods course before applying.
Select Professional Publications
Maier, K. J., Berkman, J. R. & Chatkoff, D. K. (2012). Novel virus,
atypical risk group: understanding young adults in college as an under-protected
population in H1N1 2009. PLOS Currents Influenza. 2012 Dec 20. Edition 1. doi:
Neumann, S. A., Maier, K. J., Brown, J. R. P., Giggey, P., Cooper, D. C., Synowski, S., Goble, L., Suarez, E. C. & Waldstein, S. R. (2011). Cardiovascular and psychological reactivity and recovery
from harassment in a biracial sample of high and low hostile men and women. International Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 18(1), 52-64. doi:10.1007/s12529-010-9110-0
Chatkoff, D. K., Maier, K. J. & Klein, C. (2010). Nonlinear associations between chronic stress and cardiovascular reactivity and recovery.
International Journal of Psychophysiology, 77(2), 150-156.
Maier, K. J., Goble, L., Neumann, S. A., Giggey, P., Suarez, E. C. & Waldstein, S. R. (2009).
Dimensions across measures of dispositional hostility, expressive style, and depression show some variation by race/ethnicity and gender in young adults.
Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 28(10), 1199-1225.
Chatkoff, D. K., Maier, K. J., Javaid, J., Hammoud, M. K., & Munkrishna, P. (2009). Dispositional hostility and gender differentially relate to cognitive appraisal, engagement, and cardiovascular reactivity across cognitive and
emotional laboratory tasks. Personality and Individual Differences, 47(2),
Brown, J. R. P., Katzel, L. I., Neumann, S. A., Maier, K. J., & Waldstein, S. R. (2007).
Silent myocardial ischemia and cardiovascular responses to anger provocation in older adults.
International Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 14(3), 134-140.
Maier, K., Chatkoff, D., & Burg, M. M. (2006). Depression and CHD: Prevalence, prognosis, pathophysiology and treatment. In E. Molinari, A. Compare, & G. Parati (Eds.),
Clinical psychology and heart disease (pp. 85-98). New York: Springer.
Waldstein, S. R., Brown, J. R. P., Maier, K. J., & Katzel, L. I. (2005).
Diagnosis of hypertension and high blood pressure levels negatively affect cognitive function in older adults.
Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 29, 174-180. doi:10.1207/s15324796abm2903_3
Waldstein, S. R., Siegel, E. L., Lefkowitz, D., Maier, K. J., Brown, J. R. P., & Katzel, L. I. (2004). Stress-induced blood pressure reactivity and silent cerebrovascular disease.
Stroke, 35, 1294-1298.
Maier, K. J., Waldstein, S. R., & Synowski, S. (2003). Relation of cognitive appraisal to cardiovascular reactivity, affect, and task engagement.
Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 26, 32-41. doi:10.1207/S15324796ABM2601_05
Waldstein, S. R., Tankard, C. F., Maier, K. J., Pelletier, J. R., Snow, J., Gardner, A. W., et al. (2003). Peripheral arterial disease and cognitive function.
Psychosomatic Medicine, 65, 757-763. doi:10.1097/01.PSY.0000088581.09495.5E
Select Publications & Presentations with Student Collaborators
Maier, K. J. & James, A. E. (2012). Hostility
and Social Support Explain Physical Activity beyond Negative Affect among Young
Men in College. Manuscript submitted for publication.
Maier, K.J., Sheets,
S., & Eckstein, Z. (2012). Type D Personality Independently Relates to
Physical Activity and Sleep among Healthy Young Adults in a U.S. Sample.
Manuscript in preparation.
Gastelle, B. T. & Maier, K. J. (2011). The relations
of cynical hostility and depression to sleep. Psi Chi Journal of
Undergraduate Research, 16(4).
Maier, K. J. & James, A.
E. (2011, August). Interaction of cynical hostility and social support
relates to physical activity in young men, independent of negative affect.
Poster presented at the annual Meeting of the American Psychological
Association, Washington, DC.
James, A. E. & Maier, K. J. (2011, March).
Relations of cynical hostility and social support to body mass index and physical activity. Paper presented at the National Conference on Undergraduate Research, Ithaca, NY.
Fuller, L. (2010, April).
The effects of social desirability and trait anxiety on exercise behavior
and BMI. Paper Presented at the annual Salisbury University Student
Gastelle, B. (2010,
April). The role of rumination in the relationship between cynical
hostility and sleep factors. Paper Presented at the annual Salisbury
University Student Research Conference.
Gastelle, B. (2009, April). Does cynical
hostility impact sleep and quality of sleep? Poster presented at the
annual Salisbury University Student Research Conference.
Hornseth, L. N. (2006, March). Does
defensive hostility impact cardiovascular reactivity to cognitive stressors?
Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Eastern Psychological
Eberly, J. (2006, May). Relationship
between physical activity and psychological stress: A literature review.
Poster presented at the Maryland Psychological Association’s Ocean City
Professional Societies of Interest